NCERT Solutions Class 4 EVS Going to School

Going to School

Page 1

Questions with (*) sign are open ended questions.

(*) Collect some bricks. Lay them on the ground in a line as shown in the picture. Try walking on them. Was it easy?

     Yes, it was easy to walk on them.

(*) Make a small bridge by trying 4 or 5 bamboo poles together. Ask your teacher to help you. Now walk on your bridge.

How did you feel?

     In the beginning, I was scared to walk on the bridge

Did you fall down?

     No, I didn’t.

Do you think it would be easier to walk on this bridge barefoot or with shoes or slippers? Why?

     Yes, it would be easier to walk on this bridge barefoot as it gives a better grip.

Page 2

Observe pictures 1 and 2. In the pictures, children are pulling the buckets from the well.

(*) Can you tell the difference in both the pictures? Which would be easier- using the pulley or not using it to lift things?

     In picture 1, a boy is pulling the bucket from the well without using the pulley. In picture 2, a boy is pulling the bucket from the well by using the pulley. It is easier to lift things by using a pulley.

Look around you. Where all do you see the use of pulleys? List them.

     We can see the pulleys for hoisting the flag, at the wells and at construction sites.

With the help of a pulley, try and lift various things, as shown in the picture.

 

Page 3

How is this bridge different from a bamboo bridge?

     A cement bridge is stronger than a bamboo bridge. It is also wider than a bamboo bridge.

How many people do you think can cross the bridge at one time?

     Many people can cross the bridge at one time.

(*) If you had a chance, which bridge would you like to use? Why?

     I would like to use a cement bridge. It is convenient and easy to walk on a cement bridge.

(*) Do you have to cross any bridge on the way to your school? If yes, what is the bridge like? Draw its picture.

     No, I don’t cross any bridge on the way to my school. But my city has many bridges. I cross them while traveling in the city.

(*) Find out from your grandparents, what kinds of bridges were there when they were young.

     There are fewer bridges when my grandparents were young.

Page 4

(*) Is there any ridge near your house? Find out more about the bridge.

     Yes, there is a bridge near my house.

(*) Where is the bridge-over water, over a road, between two mountains or somewhere else?

     The bridge is over a road.

(*) Who all use the bridge? Is it used by people on foot and also by vehicles and animals?

     It is used by the people for crossing the road. Vehicles and animals do not use this bridge.

(*) Does the bridge seem to be old or is it new?

     It is a new bridge.

(*) Find out what materials are used in making this bridge. List some of them.

     The materials used in making the bridge are cement stones, iron, concrete and bricks.

(*) Draw a picture of the bridge in your notebook. Do not forget to draw the train, vehicles, animals or people who cross the bridge.

(*) Imagine what difficulties there would be if the bridge was not there?

     If the bridge was not there, it would be very difficult to cross the road because of the heavy traffic.

Page 5

(*) Have you seen any other kind of boat?

     Yes, I have seen other kinds of boats.

Can you think of other ways by which we can travel on water?

     We can travel on water by using motorboats, steamers and ships.

(*) Have you ever sat in a camel-cart or horse carriage (tonga)? Where?

      Yes, I have seen a horse-cart. I sat in a horse-cart at Shirdi.

(*) Did you climb on it by yourself, or did someone help you?

     My father helped me climbing.

(*) How did you feel riding in the cart? Also, share your experience in the class also.    

     I enjoyed the horse-cart riding.        

Page 6

(*) Do you have bullock-carts where you live?

     No. but I have seen the bullock carts at my native village.

(*) Does it have a roof?

     Some of the carts are with roofs and some are without roofs.

(*) What kind of wheels do they have?

     The wheels of the cart were made with wood and iron rims.

(*) Make a drawing of the cart in your notebook.

(*) Can you ride a bicycle? If yes, who taught you to ride?

     Yes, I can ride a bicycle. My parents taught me to ride.

(*) How many children come on bicycles to your school?

     Very few children come on bicycles to my school.

Page 7

(*) Do you have such vehicles in your area?

     Yes, but very few.

(*) What do you call them in your area?

     We call them pick-ups.

(*) Would you like to ride in something like this? Why?

     Yes, but they are used to carry goods.

(*) Can you tell why it is called jugad?

     It is called a jugad as it is made of parts of many vehicles and other things together.

Page 8

(*) Have you ever been to a thick jungle or any such place?

     Yes. I have been to National Park.

(*) Write your experience in your notebook.

(*) Can you recognize some birds by their sounds? Can you imitate the sounds of some birds? Do it?

     Yes, I can recognize some birds with their sounds. I can imitate the sounds of very few birds.

(*) Have you ever seen so much snow? Where? In films or somewhere else?

     I have seen so much snow in films and on TV.

Page 9

(*) Do you think that such places have snow all the time? Why?

     Yes, there is snow at such places throughout the year. These places are situated at high altitudes.

(*) Do you face difficulties on the way to your school?

     No.

(*) Which is the best month, in which you like to go to school? Why?

     The month of February.

 

 

 

 

 

Additional Questions:

What is a trolley?

     An open box made of wood is called a trolley.

Name the thing that helps the trolley to move across the rope.

     Pulley.

Why do we use bridges?

     We often need to go across some water bodies, so we use bridges to cross the water bodies.    

What is a vallam?

     A vallam is a small wooden boat used to reach school in Kerala is called a vallam.

Where are the camel-carts used?

     The camel-carts are used in Rajasthan.

What do you mean by tonga?

     A horse-cart or camel-cart is known as tonga.

We have to walk carefully in the snow regions. Give reason.

     If the snow is soft, our feet sink into it. If the snow is frozen, we may slip and fall. Therefore, we have to walk carefully in the snow region.

 

 

   

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