NCERT Solutions Class 4 EVS From Market To Home

From Market To Home


Questions with (*) sign are open-ended questions.

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Does anyone in your house have to get up very early? What time does he or she get up? Why do they need to get up so early?

          My parents get up early in the morning. They get up at 5.30 am. My father leaves early for his job and my mother prepares food for him.

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Babuji sells the previous day’s vegetables first. Why do you think he does this?

          Because they may get spoilt.

Have you seen dried or spoilt vegetables? Where?

          Yes, I have seen them many times while passing through the vegetable market. I have seen them at home also.

How did you know that the vegetables were spoilt?

          We come to know by the foul smell and sometimes by appearance.

Chhotu is helping his family. What do you think Chhotu has learnt from it?

          Chhotu learns about teamwork and cooperation.

How do you help the elders in your family?

          I help my mother with her household work.

From where do you get vegetables for your home? Who brings the vegetables?

          We get vegetables from the market. My parents brings the vegetables.

Page 124

Find out

Given here is a list of vegetables and fruits. Which of these will spoil earlier, and which will stay for some days? Write the names in the correct column. You can add more names to the list.

Spinach               Potato              Banana                 Tomato              Pear

Chikoo                Pineapple          Gourd                   Onion                Cabbage

Cucumber           Grapes              Ginger.

Fruits and vegetables that

that spoil quickly

Fruits and vegetables can stay for some days

















Some of these fruits and vegetables are smooth to touch while some are rough. From the list above, put the names in the correct column.

Smooth Rough














Page 125

Which vegetable do you find the heaviest to carry? Write its name and draw its picture in your notebook.


Which is the lightest fruit or vegetable that you have eaten? Write its name and draw the picture in your notebook.


Write names of three vegetables which do not have seeds.

          Potato, cabbage, cauliflower.

(*) Talk with a vegetable seller in your area. Ask the following questions and make a brief report in the notebook.

(*) What is his or her name?

           His name is Ram Kishore.

(*) How many people are there in his or her house?

          There are 6 members in his house.

(*) How many children are there at home?

          There are three children.

(*) What are the names of the children? How old are they?

          The names of the children are

Sunita – 10 years

Suman – 8 years

Sunil – 6 years

(*) Who all helps in the work of selling vegetables?

          Ram Kishore, his wife, elder daughter Sunita and his brother helps in the work of selling vegetables.

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(*) Who all stay with the vegetable cart or sit in the shop?

          Ram Kishore, his wife and his brother stay in the shop turn by turn.

(*) What vegetables do they sell?

          They sell all types of vegetables.

(*) What time do they start work?

          They start their work early morning.

(*) For how many hours in a day do they work?

          They work for 15 – 16 hours per day.

(*) Ask them about any three vegetables that they sell.





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