NCERT Solutions Class 4 EVS A Busy Month

A Busy Month

Questions with (*) sign are open-ended questions.

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How many years ago did Gijubhai write this letter?

          The letter had been written 85 years ago.

Find out how old your grandfather and grandmother were at that time.

          My grandparents have not born at that time.

This letter talks about many different birds. How many of these birds have you seen?

          I have seen many of them. I have seen crow, cuckoo, dove, robin etc.

How many other birds have you seen? Which ones?

          The other birds that I have seen are parrot, sparrow, eagle, pea-cock etc.

Have you seen a bird’s nest? Where did you see it?

          Yes, I have seen a bird’s nest. I have seen it on a tree in the garden.

 

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(*) Which is your favourite bird? Can you show your friends in the class how it flies, and what sound it makes?

          My favourite bird is parrot.

Guess what this bird is –

‘A crown on the head and coins on the tail,

So many shades of blue from top to tail.’

Clue: It is our national bird.

           Pea-cock.

Do you know of any other bird that makes its nest in a tree trunk like the barbet does?

          Yes, I know. Woodpecker also makes its nest in a tree trunk like the barbet does.

If there is a nest inside or around your house, look carefully at it. Remember, do not go too near the nest, and do not touch it. If you do, then the bird will not come to the nest again.

Observe the nest for some days and note down the following things:

(*) Where is the nest made?

          It has been made on the branch of a tree.

(*) What is the nest made of?

          Nest is made up of grass, straw and dried leaves.

(*) Is the nest ready or are the birds still making it?

          The nest is ready.

(*) Can you recognise which bird has made the nest?

          Yes, it is a crow that made the nest.

(*) What things does the bird bring to the nest?

          The crow brings straw, twigs and worms t the nest.

(*) Is there any bird sitting in the nest?

          One crow is sitting in the nest.

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(*) Do you think there are any eggs in the nest?

          No there are no eggs in the nest.

(*) Can you hear any sound like ‘chee chee’ from the nest?

          Yes.

(*) If there are chicks in the nest, what do the parent birds bring for them to eat?

          Parent crow brings them small insects and worms for the chicks to eat.

(*) How many times in one hour do the birds come to the nest?

          2-3 times.

(*) After how many days did the chicks leave the nest?

          After two months.

(*) Make a picture of the nest in your notebook.

(*) You have seen how birds use many different things to make their nests. Use some of these things and make a nest. Make a small paper bird to put in your nest.

 

(*) Make three groups in the class. Each child must draw a picture of an animal and colour it. They should then cut each picture out.

 

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(*) Children in one group will take the cut-outs of the pictures of animals that live on land. They should then draw soil, grass and some trees on a chart paper. Stick the pictures of the land animals at the correct places on the chart.

 

(*) The second group will take the cut-outs of the pictures of animals that live in water. They should then colour a chart paper blue to show water. Then also draw water-plants, stones etc. They should then stick the pictures of the animals that live in water on the chart.

 

(*) The third group will take the cut-outs of the pictures of animals that live on trees. One child in the group will draw a big tree on a chart paper and colour it. Then all the children in the group must stick their cut-outs of the pictures on the chart paper of their group.

Put up all the three charts in your class and discuss about them.

 

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          Imagine and Share

(*) If you did not have front teeth (both top and bottom) how would you eat guava? Act and show how.

          If I did not have front teeth (both top and bottom) then it is not possible for me to eat guava.

(*) You have your front teeth, but no teeth at the back. Someone gives you a roti. Show how would you eat it.

          It is not possible to eat roti without the back teeth.

(*) You do not have any teeth in your mouth. What kind of things would you be able to eat?

          I can eat only soft things and liquid food.

(*) Draw a picture in your notebook – How would you look if you had no teeth?

(*) Find out from old people who do not have teeth – what are the kind of things that they can not eat?

          Such people can not eat the food items like roti, meat, fruits like guava, apple etc.

(*) Draw a picture of a bird commonly seen in your area. Label its body parts also.

 

Additional Questions

1). Match the following

Group A                        Group B

i). crow                  a). nest among the thorns of a cactus plant

ii). barbet              b). builds nest any where

iii). sunbird          c). makes a nest in old or deserted buildings.

iv). sparrow          d). builds nest high up on a tree

v). dove                 e). it makes a nest in a hole, in a tree trunk

vi). pigeon             f). the nest that hangs from the branch of a bush

Answers

i). crow –          builds nest high up on a tree

ii). barbet  –     it makes nest in a hole, in a tree trunk

iii). sunbird  –  nest that hangs from the branch of a bush

iv).sparrow –    builds nest high up on a tree

v). dove – nest among the thorns of a cactus plant

vi). pigeon  –    makes a nest in old or deserted buildings.

 

1). Name the different birds mentioned in the lesson?

           The birds that are mentioned in this lesson are sparrows, dove, sunbirds, Indian Robin, crow, parrots, barbets, pigeons, koel etc.

2). Name the different things used by the birds to make their nest?

          The different things used by the birds to make their nests are soft twigs, roots, wool, hair and cotton wool. Crow uses even pieces of wire and wood.

3). Name the enemies of the birds mentioned in this lesson?

          The birds have many enemies-humans, squirrels, cats and rats and other animals.

 

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