NCERT Solutions Class 4 EVS The Valley of Flowers

The Valley of Flowers

Questions with (*) sign are open ended questions.

Page 84

Have you ever seen so many flowers grow together anywhere? Where?

Yes, I have seen so many flowers growing together in the garden.

How many differently coloured flowers have you seen?

I have seen flowers of many colours.

Write their colours.

Red, yellow, violet, white, pink, blue.

Page 85

Now you were just left counting, weren’t you?

Yes, it is difficult to count flowers in the garden as there are many flowers.

Are there any things in your house which have designs of flowers made on them-like clothes, sheets, vases, etc.?

Yes, bedsheets, pillow covers, table clothes, curtains, etc have designs of flowers.

(*) Draw your own design in your notebook and colour it as well.

(*) Look at the designs made by your friends as well.

Page 86

Here are some pictures of flowers. Mark a () on the flowers which you recognize. Write their names too if you know.


From the pictures given above, and other flowers that you know, give names of two which

Grow on trees

Gulmohar, bauhinia,

Grow on bushes

Hibiscus, Rose

Page 87

Grow on creepers

Champa, jasmine

Grow on water plants

Lotus, water lily

Bloom only at night

Moonflower, lily

Bloom in the day and close at night

Sunflower, lotus

Which flowers can you recognize by their scent, even with your eyes closed?

Rose, jasmine

Which flowers bloom all the year-round?

Rose, hibiscus

Which flowers bloom only in certain months?

Tulip, marigold

Are there any trees or plants which never have any flowers? Find out and write.

Money plant

Why this?

Have you ever seen a board like this put up anywhere?

Yes, such types of boards can be seen at public gardens and parks.

Do people pluck flowers even when this board is there?

Most of the times people don’t pluck flowers when such boards are there but few people pluck flowers.

Why do you think they do this?

Because some people follow the rules while some don’t follow the rules or ignore the rules.

Should they do this?

People should always follow the rules.

What would happen if everybody plucked flowers?

There would be no flowers and the gardens and the parks don’t look beautiful without the flowers.

Page 88

What is the colour of the flower?


What kind of scent does it have?

It has a pleasant smell.

What does it look like- a bell, a bowl, a brush or anything else?

A bowl.

Do these flowers grow in bunches?


How many petals does it have?

Around 40 to 50 petals.

Are all the petals joined together or separate?

The petals are separate.

Outside the petals, can you see any green leafy structure? How many are there?

Yes, there are four green leafy structures.

Outside the petals, in the middle of the flower, can you see some thins structures? Write its colour.

The colour of the thin structure is pink.

Page 89

When you touch these, do you find a powder thing on your hands?


What differences do you find between a flower and a bud?

A bud is smaller than a flower. A flower is open and large while a bud is small in size.

(*) Draw the picture of a bud and its flower in your notebook.

(*) Can you tell how many days will a bud take to bloom into a flower? Let us try and find out. Choose a bud that is growing on a plant and look at it every day. Write the name of the plant.

It takes 4 to 5 for a bud to bloom into a flower. This was a rose plant.

When you first saw this bud, the date was 16th January. Now when the bud has bloomed into a flower, the date is 20th January .

How many days did the bud take to become a flower?

It took 5 days.

(*) Ask your friends the names of the different flowers that they have seen. How much time did it take their buds to become flowers? Also, observe how many days the same flower took to dry.

Page 90

Are flowers cooked in your home as a dry vegetable, a gravy dish or as a chutney? Find out which flowers are used for these.

Yes, some of the flowers are cooked in our home as a dry vegetable, a gravy dish or as a chutney.

Find out names of any two flowers which are used for making medicines?

Rose and cedar are used for making medicines.

How is rose water used in your house? Is it used as medicine, sweets, lassi or something else? Find out and tell others.

Rosewater is used in making sweets. It is also used as a medicine.

Page 91

Find out and write the names of some more flowers that are used for making colours.

Rose and china rose are used to make colours.

Can you think of a colour of which there is no flower?

Silver colour.

Write the names of such flowers which are used to make scents.

Many flowers like rose, jasmine are used to make scents.

Page 92

Do you know when such songs are sung?

Such songs are sung during marriages and family functions.

Do you or anybody else at home know other such songs?

My grandmother knows such songs.

(*) Collect songs, poems, etc., on flowers. Write them down and put them up in the classroom.

Are any special flowers used on certain occasions/ festivals by your elders? Make a list of different occasions and the flowers used at each.

Occasion Flower
birthdays Rose, tulip
marriage bouquet
Friendship day Rose
Valentines day Red rose
Teachers day / Guru Poornima Rose
Religious ceremony marigold

Page 93

What are the different flowers that they sell? Ask them the names of the flowers?

They sell rose, dahlia, marigold and dahlia.

Where do they bring these flowers from?

They bring these flowers from wholesale markets, gardens and horticulture farms.

Why do people buy flowers?

People buy flowers to decorate, to worship and to gift on many occasions.

In what forms do flower-sellers sell their flowers? Look at these pictures. Tick against those forms that you have seen.

Page 94

Any other form that you have seen-

They sell in the form of gajra.

Have you seen flowers offered at many religious places?


What do we do when they dry up?

We put them in the garbage box.

Some flowers are used in different forms- like rose and marigold are used in garlands and as loose petals too.

Find out the prices of these different forms.

One flower          Rose Rs 10

One garland         small- Rs 5

                           Large Rs 50 – 100

One bouquet           Rs 150 – 500

Has the flower seller learnt to make bouquets or a net of flowers from anybody? Form whom?

Generally they learnt to make bouquets or a net of flowers from their elders.

Would they like the other members of their family to do this work? Why?

Yes. They like the other members of their family to do this work as it is their income source.





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