NCERT Solutions Class 5 EVS Mangoes Round the Year

Mangoes round the year


Page 35

How did Aman know that the potato sabzi had got spoilt?

From the smell of the potato sabzi, Aman got to know that the sabzi spoiled.

Have you ever seen some food that has got spoilt? How did you know that it was spoiled?

Yes, I have seen food that has spoilt. We know about spoiled food from the smell and the unusual colour of the food.

Preeti and Nitu did not eat the potato sabzi. What would have happened if she had eaten it?

If she had eaten the spoilt potato sabzi, she may have fallen ill.


Page 36

Look in your kitchen and write down names of food items that

-can get spoilt in 2-3 days

dal, boiled rice, milk, bread, chapati, cooked food etc.

-can be kept for a week.

Potato, tomato. Cake, vegetables etc.

Would not spoil till one month.

Pickles, raw rice, sauce, ghee, butter etc.


Look at your friend’s list and discuss in the class.

Most of the cooked food items spoil in 2-3 days. Food items like raw vegetables get spoilt in a week. Most of the grains get spoilt within a month or more than one month.

Will your list be the same in all seasons? What would change?

The list is almost the same in all the seasons. In summer the food gets spoiled quickly than in the winter season.

When food gets spoilt in your house, what do you do with it?

We throw the spoilt food in the garbage bin.


Look at the picture of the bread packet here and guess why Biji returned it?

Biji returned the bread packet may be because-

i). she found unusual colours on the bread slices.

ii). Maybe the expiry date has lapsed.

Look carefully at two-three packets of food items:

What can we know from what is written on the packet?

We can know about the following information

about the manufacturing date,

expiry date,

ingredients used for the preparation

about the price

about the quantity

When you buy anything from the market, what do you look for on the packet?

I look for the price of the item and the expiry date.


Page 37

Find out the reason for these changes. From where did the fungus come on the bread?

Colour of the bread changes because of the fungus. Fungus is present in the air. As soon as it gets a moist surface it begins to grow. It is the fungus which spoils the bread and changes its colour.

Different kinds of food items spoil due to different reasons. Some foods spoil soon, some stay good for long. List some seasons and conditions in which food spoils quickly.

Food spoils quickly in the summer season and rainy season.

The reasons for the spoiling of the food are

Milk spoils if it is not boiled properly.

Cooked food gets spoiled if is kept open.

Cooked food and vegetables get spoiled if they are kept in hot and humid places.


Given below are some food items spoil due to different reasons. Some foods spoil soon, some stay good for long. List some seasons and conditions in which food spoils quickly.

Page 38

Given below are some food items and some simple methods by which these could be kept fresh for 1-2 days. Match the correct pairs:


Food items Methods
Milk Put in a bowl and keep the bowl in a container with some water.
Cooked Rice Wrap in a damp cloth
Green coriander Boil it
Onion, garlic Keep it in a dry open place.



Food items Methods
Milk Boil it
Cooked Rice Put in a bowl and keep the bowl in a container with some water.
Green coriander Wrap in a damp cloth
Onion, garlic Keep it in a dry open place.



Page 40

Why are sugar and jaggery mixed into the mango pulp and dried in the sun?

Adding sugar and jaggery and drying are the methods of storing the food. Therefore, sugar and jaggery are mixed into the mango pulp and dried in the sun.

Why did Appa first choose the most ripe mangoes to be used for making the mamidi tandra?

Appa first chooses the most ripe mangoes to be used for making the mamidi tandra as these mangoes contain more juice.

How did the brothers make the mamidi tandra? Write down step-by-step what they did for this.

Steps for making the mamidi tandra are as follows.

Step 1: They bought a mat woven from the leaves of a palm tree, poles of casuarina tree, string made of coconut husk, some jaggery and the sugar from the market.

Step 2: Both the brothers made a platform using the poles. They spread out and tied the mat on that platform.

Step 3: They took mango pulp and strained it through a fine cloth of muslin cloth.

Step 4: They added equal amounts of sugar and jaggery to the mango pulp.

Step 5: Their mother spread a thin layer of the mango pulp over the mat and kept it for drying.

Step 6: In the evening they covered it with a sari to avoid dust from getting on it.

Step 7: They repeatedly added layer after layer for four weeks.

Step 8: After four weeks a thick layer formed and looked like golden cake and the mamidi tandra was ready to eat.

Page 41

What things are made in your house from ripe and unripe mangoes?

We make aam ras from the ripe mangoes. From the unripe mangoes, pickle is prepared.

Make a list of all the different types of pickles that you know about, and share them with your friends.

I knew about pickles of mango, amla, lemon, chilli and carrot.

Find out and discuss

Is there any kind of pickle made in your house? What kind of pickle is it? Who makes it? From whom did they learn to make the pickle?

Yes, a pickle of mango, lemon and amla made in my house. My mother makes it. She learned it from my grandmother.


What all things are needed to make anyone type of pickle in your house? How is the pickle made? Find out the recipe and write.

Mango pickle:

Things required for making the mango pickle are unripe mangoes, oil, salt, chilli powder, turmeric powder, coriander powder, mustard seeds, aniseed.

First, the unripe mangoes are cut into small pieces and washed properly. The mango pieces are dried in the sunlight for removing the moisture. Then all the spices are mixed with the mango pieces thoroughly. Then it is stored in a glass container or porcelain container. Oil is poured into the container. More amount of salt is added than the required amount as salting is one of the methods of storing pickles for few months. The container is kept in the sunlight for some days.

It is a today journey from Pune to Kolkata. If you were to go on this trip, what food items would you carry with you? How would you pack them? Make a list on the blackboard of all the packed food. What food would you eat first?

I would like to carry food items which do not get spoiled easily.

I would like to carry biscuits, fruits, roti, puri, bread, jam, chips, dry fruits, chewda and dry sabzi.

I would like to eat roti, puri, dry sabzi, bread because they can get spoiled easily.



Click here for question answers of EVS other lessons of Std 5

Super Senses

A Snake Charmer’s Story

From Tasting to Digesting

Mangoes Round The Year

Seeds And Seeds

Every Drop Counts

Experiments With Water

A Treat For Mosquitoes

Up You Go

Walls Tells The Stories

Sunita In Spaces

What If It Finishes?

A Shelter So High

When The Earth Shook

Blow Hot, Blow Cold

Who Will Do This Work?

Across The Wall

No Place For Us

A Seed Tells A Farmer’s Story

Whose Forest?

Like Father, Like Daughter to Prevent Them

On the Move Again.


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