NCERT Solutions Std 6 CBSE Science Food: From Where Does it Come From?

Food: From Where Does it Come From?

Points to Remember:

We all eat different kinds of food at different times.

There is so much variety in the food that we eat.

A meal consists of chapatti, dal, and brinjal curry. Another maybe rice, sambhar, and a vegetable preparation of lady’s finger. Yet another meal could be appam, fish curry, and vegetables.

Materials required to make different food items are called ingredients.

Only two ingredients rice and water are needed for cooking rice.

Ingredients like milk, water, coffee powder and sugar are required for preparing coffee.

Ingredients like milk, water, tea powder and sugar are required for making tea.

Ingredients like atta and water are required for making the chapati.

Ingredients like pulses, oil, water, salt and spices are required to make daal.

Some ingredients are common for making different food items.

The main sources of food are plants and animals.

Plants are the sources of food, ingredients like grains, cereals, vegetables and fruits.

Animals provide us with milk, meat products and eggs.

Cows, buffaloes and goats are some common animals that give us milk.

Milk and milk products like butter, ghee, cream, cheese and curd are used all over the world.

We eat many leafy vegetables.

We eat fruits of some plants.

Sometimes we eat roots, sometimes stems and even flowers of the plants.

The parts of the plant that we eat are called edible parts of the plants.

Some plants have two or more edible parts. Examples are mustard and banana.

Seeds of the mustard plant give us oil and the leaves are used as a vegetable.

Parts of the banana plants like fruit, flower and stem are used as food.

Bees collect nectar from flowers, convert it into honey and store it in their hives. When we find such a beehive, we collect the food stored by the bees as honey.

Flowers and their nectar may be available only part of the year.

Animals that eat only plants or plant products are called herbivores.

Animals that eat other animals are called carnivores.

Some animals which eat both plants and animals are called omnivores.

 

Exercise

1). Do you find that all living beings need the same kind of food?

No. Different living things need a different kind of food.

 

2). Name five plants and their parts that we eat?

The names of the five plants and their parts that we eat are as follows.

Mango plant – fruit

Brinjal plant – fruit

Mustard plant – leaves

Paddy – seeds

Mushroom – stem

Carrot plant – root

 

3). Match the items given in column A with that in column B

Column A Column B
Milk, curd, paneer, ghee eat other animals
Spinach, cauliflower, carrot eat plant and plant products
Lions and tigers are vegetables
Herbivores are all animal products

Answers

Column A Column B
Milk, curd, paneer, ghee are all animal products
Spinach, cauliflower, carrot are vegetables
Lions and tigers eat other animals
Herbivores eat plant and plant products

 

4). Fill up the blanks with words given:

(herbivore, plant, milk, sugarcane, carnivore)

a). Tiger is a carnivore because it eats only meat.

b). Deer eat only plant products and so, is called herbivore.

c). Parrots eat only plant products.

d). The milk that we drink, which comes from cows, buffaloes, and goats is an animal product.

e). We get sugar from sugarcane.

 

 

Extra Questions

Fill in the blanks:

1). There is so much variety in the food that we eat.

2). Materials required to make different food items are called ingredients.

3). The main sources of food are plants and animals.

4). The parts of the plant that we eat are called edible parts of the plants.

5). Animals that eat only plants or plant products are called herbivores.

6). Animals that eat other animals are called carnivores.

7). Some animals which eat both plants and animals are called omnivores.

8). We can eat the sprouted seeds

Find the odd man out:

1). Meat, milk, rice, eggs.

2). Grains, cereals, fruits, milk

3). Butter, curd, cheese, chocolate

4). Potato, carrot, beet, radish

5). Cows, dogs, horse, elephant

6). Cows, cats, dogs, man

Answers

1). Meat, milk, rice, eggs.

2). Grains, cereals, fruits, milk

3). Butter, curd, cheese, chocolate

4). Potato, carrot, beet, radish

5). Cows, dogs, horse, elephant

6). Cows, cats, dogs, man

Say whether true or false.

1). We eat same kind of food all the time.

     False

2). Just two materials are needed to prepare a dish of boiled rice.

     True

3). Food items like milk and meat come from animals.

     True

4). Only plants are the sources of the food

     False

5). We do not eat the roots of plants.

     False

6). We eat leafy vegetables.

     True

7). Brinjal is a fruit.

     True

8). Tomato is not a fruit.

     False

9). Flowers and their nectar is available throughout the year.

     False

10). We can eat the sprouted seeds.

     True

11). There is a variety in the food that we eat.

     True

12). After washing the sprouted seeds we cannot eat them.

     False

 

Give two examples of each:

a). milk products

butter, cheese, curd

b). sources of food

plants and animals

c). ingredients of kheer

rice, sugar, milk

d). animals that give us milk

cows, buffaloes, goats

e) leafy vegetables

spinach, broccoli, mustard

f). fruits

apple, mango

g). edible roots

carrot, beet, radish

h). fruits that we eat as vegetable

tomato, brinjal

 

Classify the following as herbivores, carnivores and omnivores

Cat, dog, cow, rabbit, horse, deer, lion, tiger, house lizard, rat, human beings, crow

Herbivores Carnivores omnivores
Cow

Rabbit

Horse

Deer

 

Lion

Tiger

House lizard

 

Cat

Dog

Rat

Human beings

crow

 

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