3. Religious Synthesis

 

1. Write the related word
 
1.  Shri Basaveshwar: Karnataka::Meerabai: Rajasthan
 
2. Ramananda: North India:: Chaitanya Mahaprabhu: Bengal
 
3. Shri Chakradhar: Maharashtra::  Shankaradeva: Assam
 
4. Mirabai: Rajasthan::   Narsi Mehta: Gujarat
 
5. Chakradhar Swamy: Mahanubhav Panth::  Shri Basaveshwar: Lingayat
 
6. Surdasa: Sursagar:: Sant Tulshidas: Ramcharita Manasa
 
2. Make a chart to show the people and works related to
 
1. Bhakti Movement
 
2. Mahanubhav Panth
 
3. Sikhism
 
Work People Work
1. Bhakti-Movement 1. Surdasa
2. Sant Tulshidas
3. Manmath Swami
1. Sursagar
2. Ramcharita Manasa
3. Paramrahasya
2. Mahanubhav Panth 1. Chakradhar Swami 1. Leelacharita
3. Sikhism 1. Guru Nanak 1. Guru Granth Sahib
 
3. Write about it in your own words.
 
1. Sant Kabir became a renowned Sant in the Bhakti Movement.
 
Ans: Sant Kabir did not attach any importance to places of pilgrimage, vratas or idol worship. For him, Truth was God. He did not believe in any differences based on caste, creed, sect and religion. He wanted to bring about Hindu and Muslim unity. He criticized the extremely orthodox people in both Hindu and Muslim religions in strong terms. Therefore Sant Kabir became a renowned Sant in the Bhakti Movement.
 
2. The impact of Sant Basaveshwar’s work on society.
 
Ans:  In Karnataka, Basaveshwar spread the Lingayat stream of thought. He opposed the caste system and stressed the dignity of labour. He encouraged woman participation in his movement. Shri Basaveshwar conveyed his teachings in the language of the people i.e., Kannada. As a result, there was a great impact of Sant Basaveshwar on society.
 
4. Answer in Short
 
1.  Name the founder of ‘Mahanubhav Panth’ in Maharashtra?
 
  Shri Chakradhar Swami founded the ‘Mahanubhav Panth’ in Maharashtra.
 
2. Who are the ‘Sikhs’ ?
 
 The followers of Guru Nanak are known as Sikhs.
 
3. What is the name of the holy book of Sikhs?
 
 The ‘Adigrantha’ also known as the ‘Guru Granth Sahib’ is the holy book of Sikhs.
 
4. Who are Naynars and Alawars in the Bhakti Movement?
 
  Naynars are the devotees of Shiva and Alawars are the devotees of Vishnu.
 
5. What does idol ‘Harihar’ depict?
 
  Idol of Harihar depict half Vishnu and Half Shiva to consider Shiva and Vishnu as one and the same.
 
5. Name the following.
 
1. The Tenth Guru of Sikhs – Guru Gobindsingh
 
2. Sufi Saints – Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti and Shaikh Nijamuddin Avaliya.
 
3. Founder of Bhakti Movement in South India – Acharya Ramanuja
 
4.  Strengthened the Bhakti Movement in North India – Sant Ramanand
 
5. Composed devotional verses in Rajasthani and Gujarat – Sant Mirabai
 
6. Known as the first poet of the Gujarati language – Narsi Mehta
 
7. Spread the Bhakti Movement in Assam – Shankaradeva
 
8. Founder of Sikhism – Guru Nanak
 
6. Write a short note on
 
1. Bhakti Movement in South India
 
      It is believed that the Bhakti Movement originated in South India.  The Naynar and the Alawar Bhakti Movements emerged in this region. The Naynars were devotees of Shiva, while the Alawars were devotees of Vishnu. There were also attempts to consider Shiva and Vishnu as one and the same and bring them together. Harihar idols which depict half Vishnu and half Shiva were produced on large scale. Acharya Ramanuja and other Acharyas strengthened the base of the Bhakti Movement in India. They told people that God is for all. God does not discriminate. The teachings of Ramanuja had a great impact in North India also.
 
2. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
 
 In Bengal, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu underlined the importance of Krishanabhakti. Due to his teachings, people joined the Bhakti movement in transcending the boundaries of caste and creed. Under his influence, Shankaradeva spread the Bhakti movement in Assam.
 
3. Sant Mirabai
 
     Sant Mirabai stressed the importance of devotion to Krishna. She belonged to the royal family of Mewad. She renounced all pleasures of the royal family and immersed herself in devotion to Krishna. She composed devotional verses in Rajasthani and Gujarati. Her devotional verses give the message of devotion, tolerance and humanity.
 
4. The Sufi Sect
 
     This is a sect in Islam. The Sufi saints believed that God is full of love and the only way to reach him is through love and devotion. Their main teachings are love for all living beings, meditation and simple living. Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti and Shaikh Nizamuddin Avaliya were great Sufi Saints. The teachings of Sufi Saints led to unity in the Hindu and Muslim communities. Sufi music had made a valuable contribution to Indian music.

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12 thoughts on “3. Religious Synthesis”

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